DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TOW AND SALVAGE
The service of towing is the employment of one vessel to expedite the voyage or delivery of another vessel when there is no immediate danger to life or the property apprehended. Towage is sometimes done for convenience purposes only, for example; when a pleasure craft has become disabled and needs delivery to safe harbor.
Salvage of a vessel is in order when there is an immediate need for service due to perilous conditions that require assistance by a salvor. Although a marine peril to the salved property is necessary to be considered a "valid claim" imminent or absolute danger of the vessel are not required. Context is normally the determining factor when deciding the nature of the services and the amount of compensation. This is why most salvors provide a "fixed price" or hourly rate for their services.
"The admiralty and maritime law of the United States has long recognized that the law of salvage rewards the voluntary salvor for his successful rescue of life or property".
If the salvor wants to do the job but does not know what the cost will be but will make claim afterwards, the final amount will be decided one of three ways -- negotiation with the owners insurance company; binding arbitration or, rarely, through litigation in federal admiralty courts.
Salvage is the compensation allowed to persons by whose voluntary assistance of a vessel at sea or her cargo or both have been saved in whole or in part from impending maritime perils.
The salvor shall owe a duty to the vessel and/or property owner to carry out the salvage operations with due care as to prevent or minimize damage to personal property and the environment.
The owner or operator of the vessel shall owe a duty to the salvor to co-operate fully with him during the salvage operations as to prevent or minimize damage to the environment.
The U.S. District Court in Washington summarized what constitutes a maritime peril in the case of McNabb vs O. S. Bowfin, as follows:
"to constitute a maritime peril, it is not necessary that the danger be actual or imminent, it is sufficient if, at the time assistance was rendered, the vessel was stranded so that it was subject to the potential danger of damage or destruction".
A vessel driven aground on a beach, or similar gravel or shell, for example, in the area involved must be considered as in a state of peril, exposed to wind, weather, and waves, it does not require extensive reflection to come to the conclusion as to being in immediate maritime peril.
GENERAL RATE STRUCTURE
GENERAL TOWING/SALVAGE RATES NORMAL SEA STATE
$175.00 PER HOUR
TIME STARTS FROM DEPARTURE FROM HOME PORT AND ENDS WHEN TOW BOAT RETURNS TO HOME PORT " PORTAL TO PORTAL"
$20.00 PER FOOT *
ADDITONAL COST FOR SOFT-UNGROUNDINGS. IN AN ADDITION TO "PORTAL TO PORTAL" CHARGES A $20.00 PER FOOT OF BOAT CHARGE
$175.00 PER HOUR
PORTAL TO PORTAL TIME PLUS COST OF FUEL DELIVERED DELIVERY
$40.00 PER HOUR **
SMALL CRAFT ADVISORY / HIGH WIND / RAIN-THUNDER/LIGHTENING ADDITIVE CHARGE
$20.00 PER HOUR
NIGHT OPERATION CHARGE
$90.00 PER HOUR
WATER TAXI / DELIVERY OF VESSEL "PORTAL TO PORTAL"
$50.00 PER HOUR
NEW VESSEL CHECK OUT / INSPECTION / OPERATOR FAMILEARIZATION
PER CASE BASIS
VESSEL SALVAGE / DIVER SERVICES
*Soft Grounding - In addition to "Portal to Portal" an hourly towing charges, boater will be charged $20.00 per foot of the vessels length to be pulled free. The ungrounding fee is NOT
based on the time it takes to pull you free, but rather the Length of the boat.
** When Small Craft Advisories are in effect our rates will have an additional charge of $40.00 per hour. This is done because of the significant increase in risk to our crews and equipment.